||Area: 2,22,236 sq km. Population: 10,069,987. Capital:
Srinagar (श्रीनगर) (Summer), Jammu
Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Punjabi (पंजाबी), Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dadri.
Handicrafts, being the traditional industry of the State , has been receiving priority attention of the
Government in view of its large employment base and
expert potential, paper -machie, wood carving, carpets,
shawl-making, embroidery, etc., are among Kashmir's
exquisite handicrafts. This industry (उद्योग), particularly the
carpets earn substantial foreign exchange. The
handicrafts sector provides employment to about 3.40
lakh artisans. The number of industrial units has gone
up. The Rs 19 crore Export Promotion Industrial Park has
been established at Kartholi, Jammu. A similar Park is
being set up at Ompora,
Budgam. Jammu has Urban Haats
while a similar Haat is being commissioned in Srinagar.
Software Technology park involving Rs 6.50 crore has
been commissioned at Ragreth Srinagar.
About 80 per cent population of the State
depends on agriculture. Paddy, wheat and maize are the
major crops. Barley, bajra and jowar are cultivated in
some parts. Gram is grown in Ladakh. Jammu and Kashmir State has
been declared as Agri Export Zone for apple and walnuts.
The State's literacy rate is 54.46 per cent as
per 2001 census, with rural literacy of 48.22 per cent
and urban 72.17 per cent. Male literacy is estimated at
67.75 per cent and female at 41.82 per cent. There are
five Universities and 41 Colleges, including 8 in
Roads: The road (सड़क)
length maintained by PWD in the State has reached to
present, rail link extends up to Jammu only. Work on
Jammu- Udaipur railway line has been completed. Work for
extension of railway line to Srinagar and
been taken up. Udhampur-Katra and Qazigund-Baramulla
Rail link Project (परियोजना) has been taken up as national Project (परियोजना)
which is likely to be completed by 2007.
Srinagar, Jammu and
Leh are the major airports
connecting Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the
country. The Srinagar airport has been upgraded to
international (अंतरराष्ट्रीय) level.
Jammu and Kashmir (जम्मू और कशमीर)
Jammu and Kashmir is situated between 32° -15' and
37° -05' north latitude and 72° -35' and 83° -20'
longitude East. Geographically, the State can be divided
into four zones. First, the mountainous and semi
mountainous plain commonly known as Kandi belt, the
second, hills including Shivalik ranges, the third
mountains of Kashmir Valley and Pir Panchal range and
the fourth is Tibetan tract of Ladakh and Kargil.
Geographically and culturally, the state has three
district regions - Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.
Travel and tourism
(पर्यटन) (यात्रा पर्यटन)Kashmir Valley is described as the paradise on
earth. Chashmashahi springs, Shalimar Bagh, Dal Lake,
Dachigam, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonamarg and Amarnath
shrine in the Valley, Vaishnodevi shrine and Patnitop
near Jammu and Buddhist (बौद्ध) monasteries in Ladakh are
important tourist destinations. Ladakh festival on 15
September and Sindhu Darshan in June are popular events.